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Thursday, 14 March 2013

Mechanical Engineering Project | Which Project To Choose


Apply to be a Chitika Publisher!How to choose Final Year Projects Topics in Mechanical Engineering

This article is all about how to select final year project topics in mechanical engineering. There always an importance of final year work for any mechanical engineer. Why? because this project work will help the student to identify the problem, find the solution of it and complete understanding of what he/she has done.

Project sometimes decide student's specialization area in future study or future job. Project gives student to work in group so one has ability to lead the team, learn what is team work and what is the importance of collective efforts in any problem or project. 

One need to choose the project topic based on the 

·                     Availability of resources: You need to make sure about what is available with you and what is to be needed for your project work. What are the software skills, material needed? Have ahabit of reading books related to your subject area. Read technical books to sharpen your basics to get help in project work. Download the free books here.

·                     Personal interest in subject: You cannot do well in your project work if you are not enjoying it and one can only enjoy the work when he/she has interest in it. So, carefully decide the area of your project work i.e.

§                Machine Design (Involves design of machine elements)

§                Thermal Engineering (Involves thermal interactions between systems)

§                Manufacturing Science (Involves manufacturing machine elements)

§                Other (Includes Industrial engineering stuffs)

·                     You can cultivate interest in a particular field provided you are serious about it otherwise you have to suffer and ready to accept the results. Never look at the current market situation, it might changed when you come to market.

·                     Costing during project fabrication or preparation:  
One of the most important factor in doing project is money. If you do not have sufficient fund, you need to compromise with the work and with its quality. Meet with your college authorities about the costing and find the way to tackle it. Also fabrication work involves use of software like AutoCAD, ProEngineer or any other 2D/3D modeling software. This is one of the most important point while doing project because you will be given right path by your guide, he/she will direct you to what is right and what should not to do based on their experience. Have positive and friendly relation with your guide and that does not mean you can treat him/her with friends. Maintain the distance and give respect them. 

So, Consider above points in mind before selecting any particular topics for your academics. Also one should have knowledge of most important subjects that are must for any mechanical engineering and projects related to it. 

Following is a list of some probable and most desirable final year mechanical (BE) project topics.
These topics may cover study, design and analysis of each component for a project.


Projects related to Machine/Thermal Design


1. Design and fabrication of shell and tube type heat exchanger for laboratory purpose 

This requires use of heat transfer, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics as well as machine design concepts, So first go though the subjects required and then start doing project.
2. Design of domestic refrigerator
3. Design of
 Split air conditioner
4. Design of Air cooler

These all three require use of heat transfer and refrigeration subjects to do well in this project.

5. Design of
 Fuel injection system in Automobile
6. Design and fabrication of solar collector for water/oil heating
7. Design of domestic water pump
8. Design of punching machine for spiral binding
9. Design of air compressor to be used at garrage
10. Design of Fuel pump for automobile

Projects for improvement of systems at your place

You can also take projects in a student of groups with 2 or 3 students and make improvement in existing systems. Student can change/modify or improve any existing setup in college, in any place to be called as a project. Some of the topic includes,

1. Improvement or development of laboratory in your department
2. Modification of existing machine/setup to suit special need.
3. Research on design and fabrication facility at your college level
4. Try to find out which is lagging in your college so you have  chance to do it again or improve the existing one.

Projects based on Research and Analysis of components and fluid flow:

1. Finite element analysis of common mechanical components of machine which fails frequently
2. Fluid flow analysis with FLUENT and GAMBIT to reduce pressure drop, elbows, reduction in size of domain etc in fluid problems
3. Fluid-Structure interaction (FSI) Projects.

Industrial Projects:

Visit the nearest industry and find what can be taken as project work. This may be development of any department or section with respect to change or modification in any machine of that industry or optimize any machine to increase productivity.

Consult your seniors and teacher to help you to choose right and challenging final year topics

Have a
 self confidence to do your project work and get the work done and be motivated to do your worksincerely so that you do not feel your work as burden. Motivate yourself and get fuel for work to be done. 




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